Hasegawa Sadanobu I 長谷川貞信 (1809-1879) painted this ukiyo-e ca. 1870/71 named 如意嶽大文字. It is a landscape picture of the Nyoigatake mountain area in Kyôto. The tradition of bonfire is widely known in Japan until today, as seen in pictures here. The biggest bonfire in Japan is held on top of the Daimonji-yama in the shape of the Japanese character 大 meaning “big”.
The picture is part of a collection at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston.