Uemura Shôen (上村松園) painted this young lady. It is an early summer scene. She is holding a round fan, observing and maybe trying to catch a firefly. The title of this picture is “An evening in early summer” (初夏の夕). She wears a light green kimono with a blue obi, look at the emblem-like cranes. The crane 鶴 (tsuru) is a symbol for longevity and good luck.
This young courtesan is reading a very long letter while she is sitting on a veranda. The paper door in the background is open, so that you can see a cherry tree in full bloom.
At the bottom a cat is playing with the right end of the paper roll. This ukiyo-e was painted by Torii Kiyomitsu 鳥居清満 (1735-1785). The name of the picture is 文を読む遊女と猫 (courtesan reading a text/letter and a cat). His style reminds me of Suzuki Harunobu 鈴木 春信 (1725-1770) for example see his picture named Viewing the moon or Fishing on the Sumida River.
(source: Museum of Fine Arts Boston).
Torii Kotondo 鳥居言人 (1900-1976) painted this Japanese woman in a typical way of the so-called 美人画 bijin-ga (picture of beautiful woman) in 1933. The young lady wears a purple kimono with simple outlines of flowers and diverse flower patterns on the obi. Contrast colors are to be seen on the inside of her dress and her headdress. Cherry blossom leaves shaped as little hearts are falling like snow. You see her from the right side. She is looking at something or someone outside of the picture frame. Maybe she is dreaming of love.
This ukiyo-e reminds me of the Maiko in Spring by Kitano Tsunetomi 北野 恒富 (1880-1947) painted in 1931 presented in an older post as https://japankaleidoskop.wordpress.com/2015/06/16/art-on-tuesday-maiko-in-spring/
Katsukawa Shunsen 勝川 春扇 (1762-1830) made this triptych named
Three Actors in Beautiful Costumes Performing a Religious Dance around 1785. Due to the age of the picture the colors are bleached.
Three actors are performing a ritual dance. The actor in the centre is dressed like a samurai with two swords. He is holding an ugly puppet-like mask in his left hand. In his right hand a short knife threatening to stab the evil puppet. He looks at the woman on the left. Maybe this is a purifying gesture as of getting rid of an evil spirit or a hunting ghost.
The two female dancers on both sides of the central actor are moving apart from him in mirroring directions. They are playing flutes. The woman dressed in black holds her flute as if she is stabbing into her heart. On the contrary the dancer on the right presents her flute leisurely whereas she is dressed in spring colors and floral patterns.
Given that it is a picture in three parts it is obvious the female dancers are the same person getting through a crisis symbolized in this play. One can read it also as generally symbolizing the circle of nature’s death and growth, winter and spring.
The stage is made of draped cloth placed somewhere in a garden – like in a temple or shrine. Behind the linen screen stands a musical instrument, probably a drum called 釣り太鼓 (tsuridaiko) like the one of the ukiyo-e by Gakutei Yashima 岳亭 八島 (1786 ?–1868) previously shown in Art on Tuesday: Concert.
A spring scene with cherry blossom trees in full bloom painted by Utagawa Hiroshige I (歌川 広重, 1797–1858). This ukiyo-e gives a good impression of the crowded streets in the pleasure quarters at daytime. Two groups of geishas are entering the street from the right and the left, given shelter from the sunlight by huge umbrellas. Here they are visiting the Yoshiwara district in Edo. This picture is named Cherry Blossom Time at Naka-no-chô in the Yoshiwara 吉原仲の町桜時 as a part of the series Famous places in Edo (source: Museum of Fine Arts in Boston).
The Mishima Pass in Kai Province by Katsushika Hokusai (葛飾北斎) from the series Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji, picture no. 29, painted in the early 1830’s. In the centre you see a huge cryptomeria tree 杉 (sugi), which is a typical Japanese tree mostly growing at buddhist temples or shinto shrines. Three wanderers are hugging the trunk of this big tree full of joy. The man on the left is taking a break and is smoking a pipe. Three other people are taking the way down the hill. In the background you see Mount Fuji with a blue top with little white clouds. The weather is fine.
This is a woodblock print of the Monkey Bridge 猿槁 in the Kai Province 甲斐國 made by Utagawa Hiroshige 歌川 広重 (1797-1858) in 1841/42. The old bridge is located in the Yamanashi Prefecture and was rebuilt in 1984. You find more interesting pictures of the Sarubashi Bridge here.
This girl is jumping down from the veranda of Kiyomizu-dera, the temple of pure water, located in Kyôto. If she survives, her wish will be granted. Actually several people jumped down here during the Edo period, but it was pretty dangerous. The ukiyo-e was painted by Suzuki Harunobu 鈴木 春信 (1725-1770).
清水寺 is still one of the most famous temples in Japan, founded in 778 and belongs to the New Seven Wonders of the World. You will get an impressive view of the temple on their Japanese website.
This picture of a maple tree with little birds 紅葉小禽図 was painted by Itō Jakuchū 伊藤 若冲 (1716-1800). It is a beautiful scene of a Japanese garden in autumn showing the typical orange-red colors of the maple leaves. Itô Jakuchû was a very talented painter. Being active as an artist in the Edo period, he was well-known and respected for his paintings during his lifetime mostly active in Kyôto.